Feb 27 2021
Merging boson stars instead of colliding black holes?
Bosons are particles with an even spin. They include the fundamental particles that mediate the individual interactions (such as photons for electromagnetism), but also composite particles such as helium-4 atoms. Their peculiarity is that any number of them can occupy the same ground state. They are then indistinguishable from each other and form a Bose-Einstein condensate with unusual properties. Among other things, the density of the condensate can approach infinity. This would make bosons good candidates for very heavy celestial bodies, where huge masses crowd into a small space. Who doesn't think of a black hole? But a celestial…