Heavy stars die in a cocoon

When it’s time for particularly heavy stars to die, they don’t go without a lot of fireworks. If a star that has run out of fuel has a mass greater than 25 times the mass of the Sun, its core will collapse and form a neutron star or a black hole, and gigantic jets of matter will be emitted at its poles. These jets penetrate through the outermost layers of the star and generate so much gamma radiation that astronomers can observe these jets as flashes (Gamma Ray Bursts, GRBs).

This phenomenon has been known for a while. In a paper in the scientific journal, Nature, researchers have now described another component of a hypernova. Not every explosion of this kind is linked with a GRB, of course. The jets, as the researchers show, form a cocoon of star matter around the star and this cocoon absorbs a portion of the energy from the jets. Sometimes, there isn’t enough energy left over to produce a GRB – the jets fall back into the star and are essentially squashed.

The explosion that the Gran Telescopio Canarias observed (picture: Gran Telescopio Canarias)
Artist’s rendering of a hypernova’s jet and cocoon (picture: Anna Serena Esposito)

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BrandonQMorris
  • BrandonQMorris
  • Brandon Q. Morris es físico y especialista en el espacio. Lleva mucho tiempo preocupado por las cuestiones espaciales, tanto a nivel profesional como privado, y aunque quería ser astronauta, tuvo que quedarse en la Tierra por diversas razones. Le fascina especialmente el "qué pasaría si" y a través de sus libros pretende compartir historias convincentes de ciencia ficción dura que podrían suceder realmente, y que algún día podrían suceder. Morris es autor de varias novelas de ciencia ficción de gran éxito de ventas, como la serie Enceladus.

    Brandon es un orgulloso miembro de la Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America y de la Mars Society.